Vegetable Crops Extension Publication
University of Florida
Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences
Cooperative Extension Service
|(Note: Anyone is free to use the information in this newsletter. Whenever possible, please give credit to the authors. The purpose of trade names in this publication is solely for the purpose of providing information and does not necessarily constitute a recommendation of the product.)|
|2001 FL107 In-Service:
April 23-25: Beneficials and Biorationals for Vegetable Pest Management.
|Small Farm Conference and Trade Show 2001 - April 7, 2001- 8:30-3:00 - Volusia County Fairgrounds, Deland. Contact Richard Tyson at (407)665-5554 or email@example.com or Betsy Lamb at (561)468-3922 x138 or firstname.lastname@example.org.|
|Gulf Coast Research and Education Center Vegetable Field Day - Tuesday, 15 May 2001 - Bradenton, FL. Contact Donald N. Maynard at (941)751-7636 x239 or email@example.com.|
|Twilight Field Day - June 5 - NFREC-Suwannee Valley. Contact Bob Hochmuth at 386-362-1725 or firstname.lastname@example.org.|
|Florida State Horticulture Meeting - June 10-12 - Stewart, FL.|
|American Society for Horticultural Sciences Annual Meeting - July 22-25 - Sacramento, CA.|
|Florida Tomato Institute - Sept. 5 - Naples, FL.|
|Florida Agriculture Extension Professionals Meeting - Sept. 10-14.|
|FACTS Meeting - Oct. 2-3 - Lakeland, FL.|
|Cucurbitaceae 2002 - December 8-12, 2002 - Naples Beach and Golf Club, Naples, FL. Contact Donald N. Maynard at (941)751-7636 x239 or email@example.com.|
Upcoming In-service: Beneficials and Biorationals for Vegetable Pest Management
At the end of March, we'll send out more detail. Please call or e-mail Susan Webb (352-392-1901 x158; firstname.lastname@example.org) or Steve Sargent (352-392-1928 x215; email@example.com) for more information.
Beneficials and Biorationals for Vegetable Pest Management B 23-25 April
Monday afternoon (1:00PM -
Entomology & Nematology
Teaching Lab (2216), Bldg. 970
Catered Dinner (Courtyard, Entomology & Nematology)
Tuesday morning (8:00AM - 1:00PM):
Meet at Fifield Hall
Tuesday afternoon (1:00 PM B 5:30 PM):
1304 B1306 Fifield Hall
Entomology & Nematology
Computer Teaching Lab (1027), Bldg. 970
Dinner at local restaurant with group or on your own
Wednesday morning (8:00AM - 12:00 noon):
1304-1306 Fifield Hall
Its Time to Decide Which Strawberry Cultivars
With nurseries mailing out their order forms in March or April, it is now time for Florida strawberry growers to decide which cultivars to plant next season, and in what quantities.
Past experience can be instructive, but be cautious about basing cultivar decisions on a single years performance. For example, a cultivar that performed well during a "cold" winter may not perform as well during a "warm" winter, or vise versa. A cultivars performance during the 2000-01 season (either positive or negative) may be particulary suspect because the season was a combination of extremes. The average air temperatures at GCREC-Dover during December and January were 58 and 54°F respectively, which is 3 and 6 degrees lower than a 61-year average, while the average air temperature in February was 66 °F, which is 5 degrees higher than a 61-year average.
Cultivars generally vary slightly in their fruiting patterns, and, therefore, by planting more than one cultivar, variability in fruit production over the season can be reduced allowing for more efficient harvesting and marketing.
Below is some information that central Florida growers may want to consider before placing their plant orders:
'Camarosa' produces high total yields, but relatively low early season (Nov. - Feb.) yields. Its fruit is large, firm, deep red, and generally very flavorful if harvested when fully mature. It is quite susceptible to anthracnose fruit rot and powdery mildew.
'Sweet Charlie' has the potential to produce high early season (Nov. - Feb.) yields. Its fruit tends to be orange-red, sweet, and smaller and less firm than the fruit of 'Camarosa'. It is resistant to anthracnose fruit rot, but highly susceptible to Botrytis fruit rot. Harvesting every two days is recommended in February and March if day temperatures rise above 80°F and night temperatures remain above 60 °F.
'Aromas', 'Diamante', 'Pacific', and 'Gaviota' are new cultivars from the University of California. 'Aromas', 'Diamante', and 'Pacific' were originally introduced as alternatives to 'Selva' in the Watsonville/Salinas production area of California. In west central Florida, they can produce some ripe fruit very early in the season because they have the day-neutral flowering habit. 'Gaviota' was released as an alternative to 'Camarosa'. It can produce attractive fruit with excellent flavor, but, in most seasons, may not be as productive as 'Camarosa'.
'Treasure', a new cultivar from Peggy Chang, a private breeder based in Naples, Florida, has also been suggested as an alternative to 'Camarosa'. Ripe fruit of this cultivar has a deep red exterior color and appears to be very resistant to abrasion.
Two new strawberry cultivars were named and released from the University of Florida (GCREC-Dover) in 2000:
'Earlibrite' has produced high early season (Dec.- Feb.) yields of large, flavorful fruit in west central Florida. It has a compact plant habit. Primary fruit are often globose conic in shape; whereas secondary and tertiary fruit are conic to wedged shaped. (This season, many multi-lobed fruit were observed on this cultivar after the first [Nov.-Dec.] crop was picked off.) External fruit color is bright red; internal color is a pale red. Fruit of 'Earlibrite' have a moderately firm texture. This cultivar appears to be more susceptible to spider mites than 'Camarosa' and 'Sweet Charlie', and is also sensitive to boron (i.e. shows a leaf burn when boron levels are too high).
'Strawberry Festival' produces firm, attractive, fruit with excellent flavor when grown in west central Florida. The fruit is generally medium in size and conic in shape. External fruit color is deep red and glossy; internal color is a bright red. The calyx is large and attractive. This cultivar can produce a lot of runners in the fruiting field (similar to Oso Grande).
S. Festival does not initiate fruiting as early as 'Sweet Charlie' or 'Earlibrite', but in commercial fields this season it produced relatively high December through February yields. S. Festival is susceptible to anthracnose fruit rot (caused by Colletotrichum acutatum), Colletotrichum crown rot (caused by Colletotrichum gloeosporodies), and angular leaf spot (caused by Xanthomonas fragariae); therefore we recommend that fruit growers choose their transplant source carefully to avoid starting with infected plants.
(Chandler, associate professor and strawberry breeder, GCREC-Dover - Vegetarian 01-04)
Irrigation Efficiency for Tomatoes Produced
Production of tomatoes plays an important role in the economy of Miami-Dade County. Tomatoes are grown presently on about 3,300 acres. Most of the acreage is planted on gravelly soils, Krome or Chekika soil series. These soils have a very gravelly texture with low soil-water holding capacity. The tomato growing season extends from the end of September to mid-April. During this dry months, irrigation is an important component in crop management and should be scheduled to satisfy crop needs and prevent over application of water without stressing the crop. Traditional approaches to scheduling irrigation, based on the appearance of the plant or "kick and feel the soil"method of visual estimating soil moisture, often lead to over-irrigation and leaching nutrients from the root zone, or under-irrigation causing plant stress and lowering the yield.
More accurate irrigation scheduling can be achieved by monitoring soil water status with tensiometers, continuously monitoring soil water potential. The gauge of the tensiometer is designed to register how hard plant roots must "work" to extract water from the soil. Tensiometers can be used to schedule irrigation when soil water tension is low, before plant water stress occurs.
Tensiometers should be installed in the active root area, in the wetting zone of the drip irrigation tape. The ceramic tip has to be all the time in contact with a surrounding soil.
These instruments were introduced to Miami-Dade growers several years ago, but did not receive much attention among growers. The problem was difficulty of installation in the gravelly soils and obtaining proper contact between the ceramic cup and soil.
Since 1997 several irrigation experiments with tensiometers were conducted by Yuncong Li and his colleagues at the UF Tropical Research and Education Center in Homestead. Results demonstrated that tensiometers could be used for scheduling irrigation when installed with the use of a slurry made from sifted soil to ensure a good contact between the soil and the tensiometers ceramic tip.
In 1999, the UF IFAS Fl 107 Design Team (Vegetable Production, Harvesting and Handling Efficiencies and IPM in Florida) received an Enhancement Award for Extension State Major programs to demonstrate the optimization of irrigation scheduling and evaluate the use of tensiometers in commercial vegetable fields in Miami-Dade County. This study included three irrigation treatments: A - wet, grower irrigation rate, B - medium treatment with tensiometers set point 15 cbar, and C - dry treatment with tensiometers set point 20 cbar. Each treatment was replicated three times in a randomized block design. Length of each plot was 600 feet; total area of demonstration was 0.74 acre. A total of 18 tensiometers (model LT - low tension irrometers) was installed in the center of the beds, in tomato plant rows and sealed with a slurry made from sifted soil (particles < 2 mm). Three water meters, one per each treatment, were installed in the drip irrigation line to measure the amount of total irrigation water for each treatment. Water shut-off valves were installed in the irrigation lines for treatment B(medium) and C(dry) to restrict the flow of irrigation water. Daily tensiometer readings were used to make decisions about reduction of the amount of irrigation water for treatments B and C. The length of a typical irrigation event for the grower was four hours. This included one hour of irrigation, followed by two hours of fertigation and one hour of irrigation to flush the system. The study was designed not to interfere with the growers fertigation schedule, which means, that the shut-off valves for treatment B and C were used only during the first hour of irrigation. Tomatoes (variety Sanibel) were harvested three times at a mature green stage and graded for color, size and quality.
The average tensiometer reading for grower (treatment A) was 12.3 cbar. The average reading for B (medium) was16.6 cbar, for C (dry treatment) was 19.3 cbar. The irrigation treatments did not significantly influenced total and marketable yields of tomatoes. Marketable yield (including pink fruit) was 2901, 25 lb-boxes/acre for treatment A, 3146 boxes for B and 2641 boxes for treatment C. The reduction of 27% of irrigation water between A (grower) and C (dry) treatments did not affect plant growth rate, vigor and uniformity. The results showed that tensiometers can be successfully used for scheduling irrigation in a calcareous soil according to crop needs and to reduce the total amount of irrigation water during the growing season. Proper calibration, installation and management of tensiometres are critical for proper irrigation management.
(Olczyk, Extension agent, Dade County - Vegetarian 01-04)
Vegetable Seed Company Web Directory
Abbott & Cobb
Asgrow Seed Company
Ball Seed Company
Shamrock Seed Co., Inc.
California Asparagus Seed &
Siegers Seed Company
D. V. Burrell Seed Growers Co.
Ferry Morse Seed Co.
Harris Moran Seed Co.
The Chas. C. Hart Seed Co.
Veseys Seeds Ltd.
Willhite Seed, Inc.
Johnnys Selected Seeds
(Maynard - Vegetarian 01-04)
Descriptive List of IFAS Vegetable Gardening Tips
Since 1982, approximately 150 short-topics relating to vegetable gardening in Florida have been discussed and demonstrated on video cassette tapes for televised educational broadcasting statewide. Produced jointly by the IFAS Editorial Department and the Vegetable Crops Department, these tapes are now available for use by Extension agents in county educational programs.
The videotape format is 1/2 inch VHS, functional on most home video VHS players (originals are on 3/4 inch tapes). The short-topics, each of which are titled, range from 1 to 8 minutes in duration. The average playback time is 2 minutes 30 seconds. Each cassette contains from 8 to 17 topics grouped according to relative subject category. The topics are not repeated on other cassettes where they might also fit an additional category. Each tape runs an average of 25 minutes and 25 seconds. Approximately 6 hours of tapes are available (non-stop).
Each topic has been developed for the educational level of a general gardening audience. While the subject matter discussed may not fit all areas of the state, its video format might at least serve as introduction for other more specific comments or program materials you may wish to present.
The following is a brief descriptive list of the Vegetable Gardening cassette tapes currently ON LOAN from the IFAS. Contact: IFAS Film Library, Bldg. 116 Mowry Rd. University of Florida, Gainesville 32611. IFAS Communication Services, UF, PO Box 110810, Gainesville, FL 32611 (http://ics.ifas.ufl.edu).
The topics feature Jim Stephens, who always closed each segment with, "I'm Jim Stephens, and this has been an IFAS vegetable gardening tip." IFAS refers to Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences. (Note: this closing and the audible countdowns have been removed from these tapes). Jim has been Extension Vegetable Specialist since joining the IFAS Vegetable Crops Department at the University of Florida in 1962. He was born in Hardee County, near Wauchula, Florida.
Jim is a University of Florida grad with a Master's degree in Vegetable Crops.
Acknowledgment - all tapes were produced under the direction of Carl Breeden, IFAS Communications Specialist, assisted by John Thorne, Andy King, Norma Brizzi, and others.TAPE A - Garden Planning and Design Length (Min:Sec)
A.1 Seed Catalogs
Previews examples of seed company catalogs, discusses benefits to home gardeners.
A.2 Gardening equipment (6:35)
Shows collection of various pieces of equipment (hoes, sprayers, etc.) commonly used in gardens. Discusses use and purpose of each.
A.3 Site Selection
Shows a site being selected for a garden, and discusses pertinent considerations such as sunlight, slope, and source of water.
A.4 Garden Layout and Design
Goes step-by-step through the process of properly establishing the physical boundaries of a garden and rows within the garden.
A.5 Garden Design
Shows a standard garden design, and discusses considerations gardeners must make to fit garden size and configuration to family needs.
A.6 Raised Bed Culture
Shows design which includes single rows, standard elevated beds. Discusses advantages, but does not show actual construction.
A.7 Gardening Measurements
Brief review of commonly used and practical measuring devices or establishing and maintaining a garden.
A.8 Space Saving Techniques
Demonstrates ways gardeners can utilize space more efficiently.
Tape B Soil Fertility
Tape B Total (38:02)
A standard rototiller is demonstrated, while the benefits of incorporating organic materials for fertility maintenance are emphasized.
B.2 Cover Crops
Shows commonly-grown leguminous cover crops, such as crotalaria, hairy indigo and cow peas, for Florida gardens. Features close-up of nodules and discusses nitrification.
The construction of a small home compost pile is shown step-by-step. Purpose of ingredients is discussed.
B.4 Soil Testing Procedure
Demonstration of the equipment and procedure involved in taking a soil sample for IFAS testing.
B.5 Soil Testing Devices
Examines frequently marketed simple kits and devices for determining soil pH and nutrient content. Expresses opinion on benefits and disadvantages of these devices.
B.6 Fertilizer Materials
Reviews major plant nutrients and fertilizer materials which normally supply them. Shows commonly available garden fertilizers.
B.7 Fertilizer Application
The broadcast and band methods of applying initial amounts of garden fertilizer are demonstrated and discussed.
Gardeners are reminded that micronutrients are also required for growth and development of vegetable plants. Examples of a few are shown.
B.9 Liming Materials
Dolomite and other common liming materials are shown, with uses discussed.
B.10 Lime Application
Liming materials are taken into the garden and applied in the proper manner.
B.11 Sulfur Application (4:26)
The benefits of applying sulfur dust to soil for pH adjustment are outlined as the material is applied in a proper manner*
Tape C Containerized Gardening
TAPE C TOTAL (17:00)
C.I Judging Container-Grown Vegetables
Vegetables growing in containers are often exhibited at fairs. Several kinds of vegetables in containers are shown, and a contest judge goes over the points he considers for a blue-ribbon exhibit.
C.2 Strawberry Jar
One of the most popular forms of container culture is the strawberry jar. The viewer is shown step-by-step how to properly fill the jar and plant a few strawberry plants.
C.3 Strawberry Barrel
A wooden 55 gallon barrel planted with strawberry plants is shown in a Florida garden. Includes a discussion of the steps to grow strawberries in this fashion.
C.4 Bag Culture of Tomatoes
Shows method of growing a tomato plant in a plastic garbage bag filled with mulching material. Discusses purpose and use of materials, including fertilizer.
C.5 Grow-Box Garden
Raised beds enclosed with borders of wood or other material and filled with soil-uix are often called grow-boxes. One is shown with tipi on growing vegetables in it.
TAPE D Planting Tips: Seeding
Tape D Total (23:05)
D.1 Seed Sprouting
Courtesy: Jiffy Products of America. By time sequence photography, shows Jiffy-7 pellet enlarging with water, then inserted seed going through its germinating sequence.
D.2 Seed Sowing
Shows various devices for seed sowing, such as hand-held seeders and push-type precision seeder. Then, demonstrates opening a furrow and sowing seeds by hand. Action is narrated.
D.3 Seeding in Potting Mix
Enhancing seed germination in the garden by first filling seed furrow with potting mix, then planting seed (beans shown) in this improved seeding environment.
D.4 Seed Tapes
Shows and tells how to sow seeds (beets shown) by using a seed tape (paper strip impregnated with seeds).
D.5 Okra Seed Sprouting
Discusses the problem of hard seeds, and shows how to overcome it by first soaking okra seeds until seed-coat is cracked.
D.6 Saving Seeds from Vegetables
Discusses pros and cons of saving one's own seeds, and covers those vegetables suggested for saving seeds.
D.7 Storing Left-Over Seeds
Demonstrates a way to keep vegetable seeds which remain after gardens are planted. Method involves fruit jar and absorbent material. Discusses proper conditions for seed storage.
D.8 Potato Seed-Pieces
Discusses types and varieties of Irish potatoes best suited for Florida gardens. Then shows and tells the type of tubers to purchase for seed-pieces. Demonstrates the cutting and planting of seed-pieces.
D.9 Potato Seed Dormancy
The problem of potato seed-piece dormancy, often encountered in the fall, especially from home-grown tubers, is discussed. Special emphasis is placed on the use of GA for breaking dormancy (treatment not shown).
D.10 Onion Bulbs for Planting
Shows use of sets for starting onions, planted step-by-step in the garden row.
TAPE E Planting Tips: Transplanting
Tape E Total (22:16)
E.1 Transplant Growing
Topic is filmed inside a greenhouse. Shows how to fill tranplant containers with soil mix and then plant seeds for starting vegetable transplants.
E.2 Seed-Bed Establishment
Close-up, step-by-step procedure for constructing an outdoor cold-frame for transplant vegetable production. Includes seeding tomatoes as an example crop.
E.3 Seed-Bed Care
Gives tips on taking care of emerging seedlings in the cold-frame seed-bed. Covered are watering, fertilizing, and weather protection.
E.4 Transplant R& to the Garden
Discusses advantages of transplanting and those vegetables suited for this procedure. Shows how to set out a tomato plant properly in the garden.
E.5 Transplanting Sweet Potatoes (1:44)
Tips on starting sweet potatoes in the garden by setting out draws (plants grown from bedded roots). Mentions proper varieties.
E.6 Planting Around Containers (2:21)
Shows an innovative technique whereby the gardener places a milk-jug in the soil, then plants around it. The jug serves as a reservoir for water and fertilizer.
E.7 Strawberry Care
Mostly a discussion of the physiological cycle the strawberry goes through here in Florida. Shows the plant's growth of runners from the mother plant; offers tips on propagating from them.
E.8 Companion Planting
Do plants help each other if planted together? That question is explored with examples shown, including herbs, in this segment.
TAPE F Cultural Practices
Tape F Total (18:06)
F.1 Watering the Garden
Examines some of the common methods of irrigating the garden. Shows drip, sprinkler, and furrow techniques in operation.
F.2 Watering Tips (1.21)
Briefly shows a way to elevate a garden sprinkler above the level of growing vegetables. Also shows a metering device for automatically turning water off and on in the garden.
F.3 Drip Irrigation (1:44)
Demonstrates the assembly and connection of a very simple drip irrigation kit to the garden hose, and the application of water to the plants.
F.4 Mulching (2:18)
Describes a mulch, discusses its purpose and advantages, then shows the step-by-step procedure for applying black plastic mulch to a garden row.
F.5 Staking Tomatoes
Discusses advantages of staking (supporting) tomatoes, and some of the various methods. Shows step-by-step how to properly stake a tomato plant, then tie the plant to the stake.
F.6 Ring Culture Tomatoes
Shows the Japanese i-Ing culture method of growing tomatoes Jn a garden. Example shown is a mature plant growing on the outside of a ring of chicken wire.
F.7 Pruning Tomatoes
Tells when to prune and not to prune. Shows how to remove small suckers from developing tomato plants.
F.8 Tomato Trellis
Shows wire trellis system for supporting tomatoes in the Florida garden.
F.9 Staking Eggplant
Shows how to suport a large eggplant bush using a sturdy stake and supple cord.
F. 10 Use of Bamboo
Ordinary bamboo poles have many uses around the garden. This segment takes a look at some of the more common uses such as trellising and staking.
TAPE G Pest Control
Tape G Total (47:37)
G.1 Insects and Diseases
Cautious gardeners to examine (scout) garden often, looking for insect and disease pests. Shows Colorado potato beetle, tomato fruit worm damage, aphids, and late blight. Mentions controls.
G.2 Pesticides (2:44)
Displays containers of several common garden pesticides including fumigants, insecticides, and fungicide. Indicates their use on common problems.
G.3 Leafminers (2:22)
Shows leafminers on tomato, and demonstrates the use of a pump-up pressure hand sprayer for control. Also, shows how to remove a leafminer using a pine straw.
G.4 Bean-Leaf Rollers
Closeup of moth and larva of bean leaf-roller. Discusses life cycle and shows damage.
G.5 Stink Bugs
Shows this common pest closeup and example of the damage it causes.
G.6 Soil Fumigation Materials (portions
Describes plant parasitic nematodes. Compares root-knot with nodules on legumes. Discusses soil fumigation as a control.
G.7 Soil Fumigation Procedures
Demonstration showing step-by-step how to apply soil fumigants via the in-the-row method. Includes covering treated rows with plastic.
G.8 Squash Rows
Shows squash leaves and fruits having typical symptoms of mosaic caused by virus. Covers what gardeners should do when virus shows up.
G.9 Cabbage Problems
'Takes a look at common disorders of cabbage grown in the Florida garden.
G.10 Marigolds as Repellent Plants
Answers questions about use of marigold plants in the garden to control nematodes and other problems. Discussion takes place in garden where marigolds grow alongside vegetables.
G.11 Herbs as Companion Plants
The use of herbs in a vegetable garden as repellant plants of insects and other pests is explored. Shows some of the herbs, and explains the theory.
G.12 Weed Control
Discusses the problem of weeds in the vegetable garden and what gardeners can do about them. Demonstrates hoeing, mulching, and hand weeding.
G.13 Slug Control
Introduces slugs as a garden past. Shows them close-up, then covers control measures, including non-chemical techniques.
G.14 Bird and Animal Control
Gardeners are reminded of the damage to vegetables which may be caused by birds, rabbits, squirrels, raccoons, deer, as well as man himself. Ways to reduce this damage are discussed and shown.
G.15 Mole Control
Discusses the mole as a pest problem in home lawns and gardenq. shows the mole-runs, and demonstrates how to catch the mole by using a steel trap.
G.16 Scarecrow in the Garden
Short display of a scarecrow in a vegetable garden. Briefly describes its purpose and gives a few tips on construction.
G.17 Judging Scarecrows
Scarecrows come in all shapes and sizes, most with unique and novel personalities reflecting the individuality of the maker. This segment looks at several scarecrows designed for exhibition, and at what the judge considered for a blue ribbon.
TAPE H Physiological Disorders
Tape H Total (21:18)
H.1 Bitterness in Cucumbers
Tells why some cucumbers are bitter. Shows peeling them to remove the bitter principle.
H.2 Cross-Pollination of Cucurbits
Discusses the long-held fear gardeners have about the possible crossing of two-members of the cucurbit family.
R.3 Tomato Fruit-Set
Explains one of the most often encountered concerns of gardeners -the failure of tomato flowers to set fruit.
H.4 Premature Seed Stalks
Shows various vegetables that are "going-to-seed," or forming seed stalks prematurely. Attempts to explain the environmental factors contributing to this disorder.
H.5 Hot Weather Effects
Examines a garden suffering from the effects of the hot weather in mid-summer. Suggests summertime care of vegetables to reduce the effects.
H.6 Cold Weather Ef f ects
Segment is taped following a severe freeze in florida. Takes a look at damage and other effects of the cold weather on hardy vegetables.
H.7 Tomato Disorders
Several tomato fruits are gathered for an explanation and display of some of the most common disorders of tomatoes.
H.8 Greenhouse Cold Protection
Visits a home with an attached greenhouse lean-to. Explains its construction and cold protection capabilities. Additionally, shows gardeners how to protect vegetables in the garden by placing miniature greenhouses over tendpr plants.
H.9 Plant Growth Regulators
Discusses the use of plant growth regulators such as GA, etherel, and blossom-set.
TAPE I Miscellaneous Topics
Tape I Total (19:30)
I.1 Community Gardening
Visits a typical community garden layout, talks about consideration for establishing a community gardening project.
1.2 Master Gardeners
Several Florida Master Gardeners are shown training in a vegetable garden. The popular program is explained, with benefits to gardeners and to Extension.
1.3 Urban Gardening Fair
The federally funded Urban Gardening project of Jacksonville conducts a annual vegetable exhibit day. This fair is visited and the gardening project explained.
1.4 Vegetable Judging
Gardeners are shown how to prepare vegetables for display at fairs and other exhibitions where Judging and awarding of ribbons are likely.
1.5 Record Vegetables
Gives advice to gardeners who think they have grown a world's record size vegetable specimen. Lists some of the records.
Discusses the potential help a personal computer might provide to home vegetable gardeners. Mentions one popular program for customized planning of a garden.
1.7 Pumpkin Carving
Demonstrates the step-by-step procedure for carving a jack-o-lantern pumpkin.
1.8 Experimental Plots
Explains how information on vegetable production is obtained through proper experimental design. Vegetable research plots are shown as examples.
TAPE J Selecting Quality Vegetables
Tape J Total (17:50)
J.1 Selecting Sweet Potatoes
Sweet potatoes on display for sale at a retail farmer's market are featured. Selection and storage tips are given.
J.2 Selecting Tomatoes
Tomatoes on display for sale at a retail farmer's market are featured. Selection, ripening, and storage tips are given.
J.3 Selecting Bell Peppers
Green bell peppers for sale at a retail farmer's market are featured. Selection tips are provided.
J. 4 Selecting Okra
Show and tell: What consumers should look for when buying fresh okra.
J-5 Selecting Pole Beans (1:46)
Tips on selecting best quality beans, both pole and bush types, are given.
J.6 Selecting Cantaloupes
Tips on selecting best quality cantaloupes at the retail outlet. (Example shown is Jacksonville market).
J.7 Selecting Strawberries
Gives tips on selecting, including varieties, at the retail marketplace.' (Example shown is Jacksonville market).
J.8 Selecting Potatoes
Focuses on new potatoes from Florida - what they are and how to select good ones at the retail market place. (Example shown is Jacksonville market).
J.9 Selecting Cabbage
Gives tips on selecting best quality cabbage at the retail market. (Example shown is Jacksonville Market).
J.10 Retailing Produce
Suggests some possibilities for selling surplus produce from the garden. Shows a typical farmer's retail market in operation (example shown is Jacksonville market).
TAPE K Individual Crops
Tape K Total (23:05)
K.1 Tomato History
Shows wild forms of tomatoes used in breeding cultivated types. Provides historical and geographical background for tomatoes.
Shows varieties of tomatoes commonly grown on a commercial scale. Relates these to their suitability for gardens.
K.3 Tomato Varieties
Good preview of standard kinds and varieties of tomatoes commonly grown in Florida home gardens. Shows plants and fruits.
K.4 Cherry Tomatoes
Hot time tomatoes - what types to grow and why. These tips are discussed while types are shown in garden.
K.5 Unusual Tomatoes
Shows and describes three novelty types of tomatoes (or so-called tomatoes): husk, tomatillo, and tree.
K.6 Eggplant (1:46)
Kinds and varieties of eggplant suggested for Florida gardens are shown in the garden. Cultural tips are given briefly.
K.7 Ornamental Peppers
Some forms of ornamental peppers, those that'produce a colorful fruit, such as7bsnana pepper, are shown in the garden and some growing tips are given.
K.8 Okra (2:29)
Brief tips on growing okra in the garden are given, while popular varieties are shown.
Also known as Florida cranberry, roselle is a minor yet old-time garden vegetable for those that know it. Closeups-of plant and edible parts are shown in the garddn.
K.10 Sweet Corn
Introduces one to the 'Silver Queen' variety of sweet corn. Shows gardener picking it and giving an ear the "fresh" test.
K.11 'Staysweet' Corn
Compares 'Staysweet' with 'Silver Queen', two popular varieties of sweet corn for Florida gardens. Gives some cultural tips for 'Staysweet'.
Vegetable gardeners like to include a few sunflower plants around their gardens, so this segment provides tips on knowing when to gather the seeds out of the sunflowers.
TAPE L Individual Crops: Legumes
Tape L Total (17: 54)
L.1 Southern Peas
Shows some of the more common types and varieties of this popular table legume in the garden. Provides a few cultural tips.
L.2 Lima Beans
Shows this type of bean in the garden. Discusses a few problems and gives tips on growing.
L.3 Pole Beans
Close up look at a trellis full of pole beans. Discusses some of the requirements for growing this type of bean in the garden.
Although peanuts are an agronomic crop, tips of growing them in the vegetable-garden are given. Shows gardener pulling up a mature peanut plant.
L.5 Edible Soybeans
The vegetable type of soybean is shown ready for harvest in the vegetable garden. Tips on varieties, culture, and use are given.
L.6 Fava Beans
This little known type of bean is shown with potential for inclusion in the garden discussed.
L.7 Edible Podded Peas
Introduces the form of English peas whose tender pods are eaten along with immature seeds. Shows different varieties, and gives tips on growing.
L.8 Compact Vegetables
Several varieties of vegetables suitable for inclusion in limited-space gardens are shown and described.
TAPE M Individual Crops:Cucurbits
Tape M Total (30:00)
'Utilizes a zucchini plant to show male and female flowers and to discuss the pollination procedure. Explains the problem of poor fruit-set in squash.
This type of summer squash is shown growing in the garden. Some of its characteristics are pointed out, along with.brief cultural tips.
M.3 Summer and Winter Squash
Examples of each type are shown, while their basis for distinction is discussed.
M.4 Hubbard Squash
One of the largest type winter squashes, the hubbard, is shown growing in a vegetable garden. Its problems are discussed, along with growing tips.
M.5 Spaghetti Squash
This novelty squash is shown growing in the garden. The squash is cut open to show the interior pulp which resembles strands of spaghetti.
Shows kinds of pumpkins that grow in the summer garden in Florida. Mentions crossing of types and best time to grow pumpkins.
M.7 Florida Pumpkins
Cultural tips for growing pumpkins in the garden.
M.8 Citron Melons
Citron melons, which resemble ice-box watermelons, are shown in the garden. Cultural and use imformation is given.
M.9 Ice-Box Melons
Varieties of watermelons small enough to fit in the refrigerator arei shown. Best varieties are discussed.
M-10 Oriental Wax Gourds
An edible gourd called the Wax Gourd, which is popular with Chinese and other Oriental cooks, is shown and discussed as a vegetable for the Florida garden.
M.11 Luffa Gourds
A large luffa vine is shown climbing into the branches of a tree. The merits of the luffa gourd fruits are discussed, along with other possible uses.
M.12 Bottle Gourds
Bottle-gourds, or sometimes called birds-nest gourds, are shown in the garden and discussed as vegetables.
M.13 Cucumber Types
Shows and describes several types of cucumber fruits found growing in a vegetable garden. Includes odd forms such as the gherkin.
TAPE N Individual Crops: Assorted
Tape N Total (37:09)
N. I Asparagus
Shows the asparagus plant in a garden, and discusses its suitability as a vegetable for a Florida garden.
The major four types of lettuce - crisphead, butterhead, leaf, and romaine, are shown growing in the garden. Varieties of each are suggested.
N.3 Spinach Substitute
Types of leafy greens which substitute for spinach because of their similarity are shown and discussed.
Most recognize amaranth as pigweed, a common peat in Florida gardens. This segment introduces the gardener to edible, cultivated types.
N.5 Swiss Chard
Shows and describes red leaved swiss chard as a vegetable for Florida gardeners.
N.6 Mustard Greens
This popular cooking green is shown growing in the Florida garden. Tips on its culture are given.
Tips on growing cabbage in the garden, including best varieties, are given. Major forms such as red leaf, savoy, and common are shown.
Kale, the crinkly-leaf form of collard green, is shown as a possible vegetable for the cool-season garden.
N.9 Flowering Kale
Brightly colored forms of kale which are referred to as flowering kale, are shown and discussed briefly.
N.10 Dandelions (1:42)
Shown and discussed is the cultivated form of dandelion which is eaten as cooking greens and in salads.
N.11 Radishes (winter)
Shows winter or oriental radishes. Tips on culture and disease given for these large-rooting types.
N.12 Multiplying Onions
Demonstrates the way to divide and reset this type of green onion which multiplies itself in the garden.
Looks at leeks, and gives tips on growing them in the garden.
N.14 Jerusalem Artichokes
Shows the plant and its flowers, then shows young tubers as they are dug from the base of the plant.
N.15 Herbs at Kanapaha
Shows several herbs grown in the botanical garden at Gainesville. Discusses their culture, and provides good introduction to the topic of herbs in the garden.
Examines a salsify plant specimen and discusses the use of this so-called "vegetable oyster".
Shows a celeriac plant in the garden, and discusses its culture and use.
(Stephens, Vegetarian 01-04)Extension Vegetable Crops Specialists
|Daniel J. Cantliffe
Professor and Chairman, Horticultural Sciences Department
Assistant Professor, postharvest
Timothy E. Crocker
|Ronald W. Rice
Assistant Professor, nutrition
Assistant Professor, strawberry
|Steven A. Sargent
Assistant Professor, vegetable production
Assistant Professor and Editor, vegetable nutrition
Assistant Professor, production
|William M. Stall
Professor, weed control
Assistant Professor, soils
|James M. Stephens
Professor, vegetable gardening
|Charles S. Vavrina
Associate Professor, transplants
|Stephen M. Olson
Professor, small farms
|James M. White
Associate Professor, organic farming