Vegetarian Newsletter

A Vegetable Crops Extension Publication
University of Florida
Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences
Cooperative Extension Service

Vegetarian 01-06
June 2001

    (Sargent, Vegetarian 01-06)

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    Heirloom Tomato Varieties for Florida

    Heirloom varieties are those grown years ago by our grandparents and their ancestors. As such, these varieties represent our gardening heritage. Most records of early vegetable varieties start in the first part of this century.

    I have the English edition of "The Vegetable Garden", a book written in France in 1905 to benefit the gardeners of England as well as those in America and Australia. My earliest US list would come from USDA Farmer’s Bulletin 934, Home Gardening in the South, written by H.C. Thompson in 1918. My earliest Florida guide is Extension Bulletin 58, Vegetable Crops of Florida, by A.P. Spencer, followed by Fla. Extension Bulletin 80, The Home Garden, written by F.S. Jamison, June 1935. Still another of the heirloom type by Jamison was Florida Ext. Ser. Cir. 65, Planting Charts for Home Gardens, 1943, and Bul 131, the Florida Home Garden, 1946.

    Since the tomato is our most popular garden vegetable, this article will concentrate on tomatoes. There are too many other vegetables to mention all of them now. I will list all those that were included in the above stated publications. But the most important section will be the listing of tomato varieties kept by the Seed Savers Exchange and advertised for sale in their Autumn 1998 Heirloom Seeds catalog.

    The Seed Savers Exchange (SSE) is a non-profit organization of 8,000 members who grow and sell heirloom (handed-down) varieties. SSE has a farm, fittingly called "Heritage Farm", located in Decorah, Iowa, where 18,000 varieties of endangered vegetables, including 4,100 tomatoes are maintained. Up to 2,000 are multiplied for seed each summer. For more information on that farm and organization, you can write to Kent and Diane Whealy, Seed Savers Exchange, 3076 North Winn Rd., Decorah, IA 52101, or call (319) 382-5990.

    The following are the listings recorded in the publications which I have mentioned. This listing is not to be construed as a recommendation for their growth in Florida, except for trial purposes. Our current recommended varieties list may be found in Circular SP 103, Florida Vegetable Gardening Guide. For more reading of lists of heirloom tomato varieties, check out the book, Livingston and the Tomato (1893).

    •Heirloom tomato varieties. The Vegetable Garden 1905.

    Large Red Tomato, Powell’s Early, Early Dwarf Red, Tree Tomato, Belle of Massy, Laxton’s Open-air, Atlantic Prize, Marvel of the Market, chemin Red, Purple Champion, Scarlet Champion, Perfection, Trophy, Mikado Purple, Mikado Scarlet, Scarlet Ponderosa, golden Queen, Apple-shaped Red, Hathaway’s Excelsior, Apple-shaped Purple, Acme, King Humbert, Pear-shaped or Fig cherry, red Currant, Beauty, Belle de Leuville, Blenheim Orange, Eariiana, Early Mayflower, Early Optimus, Golden Trophy, Honor Bright, Jaune Petite, Large Yellow, Peach, scarlet Turk’s Cap, Stone, Yellow Pear Shaped, Vilmorin’s Dwarf

    •Tomato varieties listed in Home Gardening in the South. 1918

    Earliana, Chalk’s Early Jewel, Greater Baltimore, Red Rock, Globe, Beauty, Acme, Stone

    Tomato varieties for Florida in Vegetable Crops of Florida. 1930.

    Marglobe, Livingston Globe, Stone, Ponderosa, June Pink, Earliana

    Tomato varieties for Florida in The Home Garden. 1935.

    Marglobe, Livingston’s Globe, Pritchard’s Scarlet Topper

    Tomato varieties for Florida in Planting Charts for Home Gardens. Cir. 65. 1943

    Pan America, Marglobe

    Tomato varieties for Florida in The Florida Home Garden, Bul.131. 1946.

    Pan America, Marglobe, Rutgers

    Heirloom Tomato Varieties for the U.S. in Seed Savers Exchange, 1999.

    Amber-colored Russian, Amish Paste, anna Russian, Aunt ruby’s German Green, Big Rainbow, Black Tula Russian, Black Plum, Black Sea Man, Brandywine, Broad Ripple, Yellow Currant, Cherokee Purple, Druzba Bulgarian, Eurofresh, Federic, ganti Hungarian, German Pink, Gourmet Yellow Stuffer, Green Zebra, Grandpa Cock’s Plume, Hugh’s, Hungarian Heart, Lisa King, Moonglow, Marizol Purple, Martino’s Roma, Mexico Midget, Nebraska Wedding, Opalka, Orange Banana, Plum Lemon Productiva, Riesentraube, Russian Persimmon, Silvery Fir Tree, Soldacki Polish, Spitze, Striped Cavern, Tommy Toe, Tyboroski Plum, You-Go

    Heirloom tomato varieties listed by Garden Seed Inventory. 1995.

    Banana Legs, Garden Peach, Golden Queen, Goldie, Mammoth German Gold, Yellow Pear, Golden Ponderosa, Yellow Belgium, Yellow Bell, Arkansas Traveler, Watermelon Beefsteak, Pink Brimmer, Brandywine, Bull’s Heart, Cherokee Purple, Dutchman, Eva Purple Ball, German Johnson, Jeff Davis, Jefferson Giant, Marizol Purple, Mortgage Lifter, Radiator Charlie’s, Oxheart, Pomme d’Amour, Ponderosa, Purple Calabash, Sochulak, Tappy’s Finest, Winsall, Abe Lincoln, Ailsa Craig, Bonny Best, Burbank, Wickline Cherry, Crimson Cushion, Dinner Plate, Dominick’s Paste, Dwarf Champion Tree Tomato, Earliana, German, Goliath, Grandma Mary’s Paste, Howard German, John Baer, Landry’s Russian, Marglobe, Marmande, Moneymaker, Red Cup Stuffing, Riesentraube, Rutgers, Scarlet Heirloom, Stone, Sugar Lump, Swiss Alpine, The Amateur, Valiant, Ziegler’s Fleisch. Big Rainbow, Dad’s Mug, Elberta Girl, Great White, Hillbilly, Mr.Stripey, White Beauty.

    (Stephens, Vegetarian 01-06)

    Extension Vegetable Crops Specialists

    Daniel J. Cantliffe
    Professor and Chairman, Horticultural Sciences Department
    Mark A. Ritenour
    Assistant Professor, postharvest

    Timothy E. Crocker
    Professor, deciduous fruits and nuts, strawberry

    Ronald W. Rice
    Assistant Professor, nutrition
    John Duval
    Assistant Professor, strawberry
    Steven A. Sargent
    Professor, postharvest
    Chad Hutchinson
    Assistant Professor, vegetable production
    Eric Simonne
    Assistant Professor, vegetable nutrition
    Elizabeth M. Lamb
    Assistant Professor, production
    William M. Stall
    Professor, weed control
    Yuncong Li
    Assistant Professor, soils
    James M. Stephens
    Professor and Editor, vegetable gardening
    Donald N. Maynard
    Professor, varieties
    Charles S. Vavrina
    Associate Professor, transplants
    Stephen M. Olson
    Professor, small farms
    James M. White
    Associate Professor, organic farming

    Related Links:
    University of Florida
    Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences
    Horticultural Sciences Department
    Florida Cooperative Extension Service
    North Florida Research and Education Center - Suwannee Valley

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